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Consumer Advice Anonymous 04/25/2020 (Sat) 07:18:24 No. 4
Looking to buy something but aren't sure what to get? Ask here.
This could go in both threads. is there a site with a comprehensive list of CMR and PMR drives? I would like to avoid shingled drives and I would like to avoid spending a lot of time researching as well.
>>13 WD finally relented and admitted which drives are which https://blog.westerndigital.com/wd-red-nas-drives/ As a rule, if the price/capacity is too good to be true, or it's labeled "archive", then it's probably shingled. Most of my shucked externals appear to be shingled. I just don't worry because I do long-term media storage on them exclusively.
>>4 Im looking to enhance my audio listening experince, any advice, what shold i look into investing ? Keep in mind that prices shoud be in neetbux teir.
>>31 You'll want an external DAC. You can find budget ones that are reasonable. You could also just plug into your computer's audio jack, but your motherboard might have interference from electronic components, so a DAC is preferred. Definitely if you want to use a non-USB microphone you should use an external device. If you're looking at budget headphones then you can look at budget DACs; the only limiting factor is the resistance, and nicer headphones have higher resistance, so it's usually not a concern if you stick to ~35Ω As for the headphones themselves, you can shop around, but I'd recommend something with a detachable cable. Sennheiser is often praised but it's overhyped and overpriced. I like Beyerdynamic, and they've got stuff starting around the $150 range that's pretty good for the price. If you want cheaper than that, it's doable, but you may be better off waiting for a sale from somewhere. Avoid "gaming" headsets, even if you want to use it for that. Marks up the price.
>>32 Some of the PCI-E sound cards are nice. Asus used to have a good line, at least for the higher end cards, and there was that other company that was great too but I forgot the name. >$150 range The Audio Technica ATH-M50 were around that price and used to be really good headphones all around. I'm not sure if that's still the case though, as a few years ago I bought a new pair to replace my beat up old ones and the quality wasn't quite the same, but it was still reasonable. There are pages out there that have reviews and tiers for headphones, might want to check those out.
>>32 >>33 Thanks for recoms, i already use analogue output in my mobo and as i read it has ELNA audio capacitors, when i save up some money i will find some dac or better headphones.
>>33 I've had some weird experiences with PCI-E sound cards. They're more expensive than just a DAC, require drivers/software, and sometimes don't even have an amp because they're intended for home theater use and not for headphones. >>34 Honestly, you can live without a DAC for the headphones. I don't notice much. But the interference on the microphone line (in my case) is awful and this seems to be a common experience. Something to keep in mind if/when you run a microphone. If people complain about static then you should just get a DAC or look into standalone USB mics that have their own built-in.
which vpns should I consider? I bought a 12 month subscription to purevpn and I'm going to ask for a refund if I find a more trustworthy vpn. price not important as long as it's not obscenely expensive (no more than $15 a month)
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>>58 Some anon recommended Mullvad to me last year and I haven't looked back. It's locked at 5 Euros which isn't a bad deal. But the best part is account management. You generate a unique ID and can pay via bitcoin, mail, or however if you're really paranoid. Or just charge it to your card if you don't care. They also run their own DNS so you won't leak your real IP. As a rule, I definitely wouldn't use anything you see advertised commonly. If they have an advertising budget then it means they're for-profit and privacy isn't their only concern. Any VPN can track data and screw you, but Mullvad has done a lot to give me faith in them and to provide an extra layer of OPSEC that most VPNs just don't bother with.
>>35 I've had a pretty good experience with my Xonar STX. Even Linux has drivers for it incorporated into the kernel somehow so no config is necessary. It also has a good amp with exchangeable operational amplifiers if you're into that, and it drives my AKG K702s just fine. I'm surprised that external DACs are cheaper, I don't remember that being the case when I bought my card so many years ago, but maybe I didn't research them enough.
>>31 I think basically the number one change you can make is going to be your speakers or headphones. Other peripheral things can help, but my take is that even a low resolution mp3 will be more enjoyable to listen to on a nice speaker system, versus a high quality .flac file played on some crappy desktop speakers, even with a good DAC and stuff. so if you're on a budget, my recommendation would be to look for a used pair of Beyerdynamic DT770 headphones, this is just my personal recommendation because they're what I use and I really like them. They are expensive new but I paid $90 online for them which, since they have lasted me a few years already and will last many more, is a good price for me. However, if you can, I would look into a cheap 2.1 speaker system. 2.1 means you have 2 speakers and the .1 means you have a subwoofer as well. I will admit most of my equipment is almost poverty tier but it works well for me and should for you as well if you don't have a lot of money. I have a 2.1 system that I got as e-waste. pretty cheap logitech desktop speakers and a small subwoofer, but it is very enjoyable to listen to. it's not the best but it does a good job and because of the sub, and because I like strong bass, I like it better than my headphones. I'm not sure how much they cost used but I assume it won't break the bank. Or if you look around you might find it being thrown away like I did. I did have to do some minor work on it, I had to re-solder some wires because it was making strange noises and I had to clean up the contacts and switches but now it works great. but that's probably because this thing was just thrown on the street and was damaged. just my 2 cents, good luck finding something you will enjoy
>>58 Depends on what you're getting a VPN for. >>59 >I definitely wouldn't use anything you see advertised commonly. Good rule, but keep in mind that "for profit" is essentially a requirement to continue operations and not get all user data auctioned off when you go bankrupt.
What are good thin laptops/ultrabooks available? Current laptop is about one and a quarter inches tall when closed, looking for something smaller. Rather than getting just a thinkpad reccomedation, I'm askin for laptops as a whole. Much appreciated
>>161 Obligatory "buy a ThinkPad" If you absolutely insist on not buying a ThinkPad then your options are pretty much a Dell XPS or a Macbook. Not sure what Linux support on Macbooks is like these days, but good luck getting anything done on OSX. Dell XPS can be pretty good, but I've also seen used ones sell for more than they are worth. Frankly I think the price of any new laptops is overblown. You should absolutely buy used. Which XPS is right for you is down to screen size and battery life and such. Macbooks are pretty much only worth it if you get a Pro, and idiots think they hold value more than they do so expect to pay a premium for even a used one. Oh, and good luck if you get one that only has a single USB-C port for charging and I/O. I'd just get an x220 unless you have a workload that needs more power. You could also look at ThinkPad X1 Carbons if you must have a newer, thinner ultrabook. As a bonus, you won't get the best keyboard, but it won't literally just die like Apple's.
>>14 thanks lad
>>169 You should also look for dell latitudes. Look for models like e7440. Latitudes and Thinkpads have the best GNU/Linux support, even some dells come with GNU/Linux pre-installed.
>>238 In my experience with modern Thinkpads and Dells, Dells have much better GNU/Linux support. I always run into driver problems on Thinkpads.
NAS suggestions? I'm looking for something cheap but without horrible vendor lock-in (so that I may recover data when the machine kicks the bucket), only purpose would be backup on LAN to help my tech illiterate parents.
>>352 Would you be willing to build your own? You can find a case with a bunch of drive bays. You don't need a very powerful system. There's Ryzen chips that are $100. Dump the rest into either a better motherboard or a SATA PCI expansion card. Then either configure Linux to use ZFS or install FreeNAS if you can handle their faggotry. Then shuck some WD external drives. If you need fast write speeds then be on the lookout for shingled drives. I can't recommend any brands of prebuilt NAS personally. I just build my own.
>>356 The problem with building my own would be that it seems good only for a serious NAS and not the kind of ghetto solution I'm trying to put together. FreeNAS is far, far beyond the kind of reliability I need, and the kind of hardware it requires (RAM in particular) brings the price up significantly. For comparison, I was considering buying two shitty WD single bay NAS and have them both backup the same stuff (so hopefully they won't die at the same time), and that would cost less than 300 bucks for more storage than my parents will ever use (and infinitely more reliability than "who cares if I delete files, I can always mail Microsoft and they'll find them").
>>364 For a solution that small, you might want to just get some external WD drives. Can get at least 16 TB for about $300. Performance won't be amazing, especially writes. But unless you need actual network-attached storage that might be the best solution. And you can always just map it and make that computer network-accessible anyways. Just saying, if "that level of hardware" is out of your league then maybe a NAS is overkill for what you need anyways.
>>367 The idea is to do automatic backups as my parents spend a signficant portion of their day in wifi range, they can't be trusted to do backups manually, and they don't have (nor want) a desktop: that's why the "network attached" part is important, while speed and storage size (they don't have 1 TB of storage across all of their devices put together, maybe 10 GB of data worth backing up) are much less of a consideration. The issue with FreeNAS is not the price in itself, but the price/performance ratio going to shit as almost all the capabilities of such a device would go unused.
>>378 Well for pure budget, attaching an external to an old laptop can mapping that to the network can't be beat. Your main problem is that you can't avoid proprietary solutions, lock-in, etc. Your best bet for budget + ease-of-use would probably just be whatever you can find on Amazon. Seems like WD has a 4 TB for about $170, and there's some other vendors selling enclosures for a bit less than that which you can fill with any drives you'd like. I can't personally recommend any of them as I have little experience with off-the-shelf NAS solutions. But I wouldn't worry too much about vendor lock-in. Why? Because if the time ever comes where you have a great need for vast storage and a budget to actually afford it you'll probably want to just ditch the old one and build something from scratch. It's for your parents, it just has to work, you won't be around them to maintain it forever. Just but something like a "WD Cloud" device and call it a day.
>>384 >It's for your parents, it just has to work, you won't be around them to maintain it forever. Given their age, I might very well be around to maintain it for the rest of their life. Anyways, WD Clouds don't seem too bad in terms of lock in, did I miss something?
>>386 >did I miss something No real upgrade path, I guess. WD has a bad reputation mostly for shafting shuckers, so those of us wanting cheap drives to build our own have to do research and compare notes. If you just want a simple product that "just werks" then you're probably fine. As long as you don't need to use their backup software you should be okay. And you shouldn't, but I haven't used their "Cloud" products, just regular externals.
>>387 Thanks, I'll go for it then.
>>58 >>59 i'm really torn between getting TorGuard (it's cheap as fuck and supposedly pretty fast) and Mullvad. On the one hand, TorGuard "supports" Socks5 proxies, but recently their forums are filled with unhappy customers because they took down the IP list and want you to use the hostnames which have dynamic IPs and that causes a lot of connectivity problems for a lot of people. They seem to say they're working on it but their customers seem dissatisfied with the amount of clarity there. On the other hand, I like Mullvad's anonymity. However I think it's kind of moot since your VPN will see your Real IP anyway, no matter which service you go with. I would still pay in crypto though, just because IPv4 isn't exactly your identity like a credit card is. But it seems that every single VPN takes crypto. I just really want to find a fast, reputable VPN for a cheap price that has good Socks5 support. I like being able to configure my IRC client such that I will never accidentally connect with my real IP (because i already was an idiot and got my real IP g-lined, lmfao)
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I'm looking at getting a new keyboard to replace this stupid membrane garbage I've had for like five/six years. I'd like something mechanical, though im not entirely certain what sort of switch to get. I'm leaning towards Blue, but i haven't really used a mechanical keyboard before so i don't have the experience to know which is actually the "best". I primarily want this for programming, but also games. I'd like something full-sized, but could live without a numpad. Thank you for any recommendations. I'm also considering getting a quality microphone. As stupid as it sounds I've been considering getting into some minor voice acting work, and would like to be able to record clear audio. This is a separate thing and far less vital than a new keyboard though.
>>393 >I would still pay in crypto though, just because IPv4 isn't exactly your identity like a credit card is. You're right, your CC info needs a warranty to be acquired while all crypto transactions are public.
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>>394 I like full-sized keyboards with stiff keys. If you want custom keycaps you're basically locked into Cherry-compatible switches, in which case I recommend Browns, Greens, or Clears depending on stiffness and how loud you want clicks to be. Stiffer keys are considered better for typing but I've never had a problem gaming with them. I recommend buying one of those samplers so you can test them out. They're like $10 but it's better to do that than be stuck with a switch you don't like. If you don't care about custom keycaps ever, you can get a replica IBM Model M from Unicomp. Some people really like Das keyboard and I think they're Cherry-compatible if you want custom keycaps. Or you can try building one yourself, but most of the designs for building your own are memes (ergnomic, reeeaaallly tiny, etc). And you have to order from China and it's expensive for what you get. I would actively avoid any keyboard that squares the keys up, is missing most of its keys, or doesn't want to curve the keys at all. You're asking for carpal tunnel and a bad typing experience.
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>>399 Thank you for the reply, though i ended up getting a Redragon K551 on the recommendation of someone else before i saw your post. Its got "oetemu" blue switches, which appear to be a chink cherry knockoff. the keyboard was very cheap, however, and had good reviews, do i picked it up. After using it to type this message i find its certainly more pleasant to type on than my old keyboard, though it does have a strange bell-like quality, wherein it rings slightly when i type. the form-factor was exactly what i was looking for, however, and it otherwise feels very nice. the key switches are apparently user-replaceable, so theoretically i could replace these with cherries if ever i desire to. Oetemus are apparently clones, so PRESUMABLY they've got the same dimensions? Either way, so far im pleased with this, especially for the price. lets hope it lasts. It may take a little while to get completely used to it, as its a somewhat different shape to my old one, which is likely to interfere with muscle memory.
My old and barely functional phone needs a replacement. Matching all the right variables to get a good phone sounds like hell, can anyone advise? I don't need a very expensive phone but I'm willing to spend if it means getting a good device that will last me many years like my current one. Should I aim for something that has good support for LineageOS? Is there any other OSes I should be considering? Should I look for phones with a good modding community that can provide debloated ROMs or should I debloat them myself somehow? I definitely would like to root it, is there anything I should keep in mind? There's a shitton of other interesting things I'm seeing that I'm not familiar with, like /e/, F-Droid, Aurora, MicroG... any info on these (or others I still haven't gotten to) would be appreciated.
>>417 >identify requirements >>why do you need a phone >>what does it has to do >identify constraint >>budget? >>level of acceptable botnet? >educate yourself on your target, no spoonfeeding here >>hint: you don't seem to understand these: >>>OS >>>Program >>learn about them and apply to the Android instance of them You are responsible for your own choices, do your researches. Everything is out there.
>>417 Ideally you would get whatever phone the developers of LineageOS or other major ROMs use. If your main concern is custom ROM support then this is the best way to get it. Be careful of Samsung phones which have different locked bootloaders and ROM support by region because of their dual architecture model. If you just want a cheap phone with features and are willing to rely on new generic system images for custom ROMs, I've had good experiences with budget Motorola phones in the past. Last I checked, the Moto E still have a headphone jack, removable battery, and expandable storage (and you'll likely need to take advantage of the latter). You could also go for something a little more "out there". There's Planet Computers PDAs, the Librem 5, and the Pinephone. There's a lot of choices out there. Most of them a bit shit or with big trade-offs, but we're seeing a little more (((diversity))) return to phone choice. I have yet to find a phone I would consider "perfect", but I definitely have some devices that are more fully-featured than a $1,500 candybar at a fraction of the price.
>>417 Grab sone cheap phone with unlockable bootloader, install Magisk, don't use it for anything important. I did that with some crappy sub-200 dollar asus that still works perfectly after 4 years.
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Does there exist a device that only plays brown noise? It's the only reason I use my phone now and since it has more than 5 years the battery is all kinds of messed up and shuts down randomly around 70-85 percent. Can't be rooted either since the devkit is no longer mantained.
>>417 >>423 >>424 After about a week of doing nothing but research I'm still frustrated. The modding scene for devices is just sad compared to how it was in early/mid 2010s, everything is just deserted except for maybe 1-2 devices, most new devices are not supported and old devices are an awful value for the money and may be difficult to obtain (made worse because of where I need to buy from). I feel trolled having to purchase a new device for $200+ that has similar hardware specs as my old 7 year old phone, I'll try to squeeze some more life out of it for now. Wish the scene for alternative mobile devices like anon mentioned was a bit more mature, because between spending a stupid amount on a device I'm gonna hate or a stupid amount on a device that might actually be a good fit for me while also supporting these kind of endeavors, the choice is clear. >>467 If that's the only thing you're after then look for bargains for old phones. One of my friends told me he was able to get a Pixel for like $15, more than enough for playing brown noise. If you don't mind, getting an used or refurbished phone might also be an opportunity for you. If only the Pixel had a slot for an SDcard I would have gotten one too.
>>474 I've been buying obscure, alternative devices the past couple years (since my Galaxy Nexus, which I had for a long time, finally was becoming unusable) and it seems like most mainstream devices just rely on generic images now. If you have devices with Treble support, these should work. But as a consequence, results for how to modify them have dried-up. That and Google has done a lot to discourage fracturing the community. You'll find normalfag forums full of people who "don't feel a custom ROM is necessary anymore". They might be paid shills, considering the narrative being crafted. I'd argue anyone not installing a ROM is making a mistake. That being said, if you do get an altphone like a PlanetCom model, Pinephone, or Librem 5, you'll get a less polished experience but if you're comfortable enough making tweaks yourself it's generally not unbearable.
>>475 >Treble support I haven't really read much about it honestly. I found it mentioned a few times but that's it. It sounds too good to deliver what it promises and I'd be hesitant to drop cash on something on the premise it would work with a ROM for some other phone. >You'll find normalfag forums full of people who "don't feel a custom ROM is necessary anymore" Yes, I did. Bunch of blind idiots. On the other hand, something I've been asking myself as a result of this is whether I'd just use a custom ROM found on some obscure forum like I used to do. It's a bit shady isn't it? Doesn't have the same sense of legitimacy and peer review as mainstream FOSS. >you'll get a less polished experience I guess in part it depends on the use you give your phone. I don't really use any of Google's shit, I don't use their map apps, or any of their other apps, so I wouldn't mind if it just wasn't there. In fact I was planning on going full MicroG, which already sounds like a pain in the ass to make work so getting a device that (in a way) already has it implemented by default sounds like an advantage. On the other hand, I'm not sure what I could do about some applications that I need to use and can't opt out of.
>>475 >>476 Oh, also regarding the last point, using custom ROMs would already likely gimp the phone in various ways and take away from a polished experience, so in my opinion this also levels the playing field a bit.
>>477 I can't say I've had a phone gimped by a ROM basically ever. Only when running beta releases on unsupported hardware. Even then, experience was generally stable. Would imagine Treble support has improved this, since the drivers were the biggest barrier to feature parity and stability. If you want a polished experience then you could just stick with Google's poz. By going the FOSS route you inevitably sacrifice some of that. Is it worth it? I say "yes".
>>474 >The modding scene for devices is just sad compared to how it was in early/mid 2010s No shit, google and the other companies worked hard to kill it.
>>481 Well, on the other hand, I've always found that custom ROMs break some features of the phone. If you're using a LineageOS or AOSP based ROM chances are some of the peripherals are going to be fucked because those depend on blobs/closed drivers and don't have good support on ROMs which are not based on that phone's own stock ROM. Most notably this happens with the camera, which you always find people complaining about, but it can happen to other stuff too like bluetooth. CyanogenMod had (starting with CM10) for the longest time a bug where the caller would hear his own audio (echo), and I'm not even sure if it's not still around for some devices as I've found a few people having exactly that issue. Also device-specific features are probably a no-go. My current phone is using a customized stock ROM and has a few things which don't work, like wifi hotspots, and there's a bug where the app switcher would take a good while to open instead of being instant.
>>169 Yeah, I ended up getting an X series thinkpad afterall. I don't really need the power since I got a pretty beefy home rig. >>474 I'll second the other anons. If you're using a phone just for calling and texting, you can't go wrong with older phones and getting /e/ or postmarketOS or really on it. Here's a fairly extensive list for PMOS: https://wiki.postmarketos.org/wiki/Devices I've got zero direct experience with /e/, I've only heard from some friends who can vouch for it. Replicant hasn't seen much big progress in the past couple of years, but that is another possible option.
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Where can I purchase a CPU the cheapest? With the pandemic shit almost 5x'd the price it had
>>505 In the future, if you really need a CPU right now it will be expensive.
>>505 As a rule, if you have a Micro Center near you they discount the price of CPUs and make it up when people buy other parts. If you only get a CPU from them you can save a few dollars. Otherwise you'll want to wait for the market to normalize, or wait for the next round of product launches to pick one up secondhand.
>>505 >>510 There's always those combo deals that Newegg has if your only choice is e-commerce. Just like me. Our only choice for enthusiast computer parts is Fry's and the selection there is little to none because of dealer payment issues, making Best Buy the only available choice for anything tech.
I'm looking for the most powerful laptop available under $1300, preferably with at least 500gb ssd, 16gb ram, and an amd cpu. I plan on installing gentoo and playing games on windows in a vm.
>>534 If you want to play newer games you'll need a hefty GPU which is a big ask in a sub-$1300 laptop. For a given desktop build, laptops usually cost 2x for the same performance, so you'll get something, at best, on-par with a $750 desktop. I'd always recommend looking for a ThinkPad model that would meet your needs, since used ones are usually a steal, but finding one with a decent GPU is going to be hard, and you'll need a newer one (with all the problems that come with it) if you want a decent one. There are some Dell and Asus laptops for about $1k that come with decent budget GPUs. A 1650 or 1050 Ti will perform well enough for most new games. Your alternative, if you really want a solid GPU, would be to just buy whatever cheap laptop with a decent CPU is out there and then connect an external card. This is perfect if your goal is to have a functional laptop for work or school that can also play games, since you'll have full power when at a desk but it can still be light and efficient when on the move. You'll definitely get a better deal this way. I've tried the $300 used ThinkPad + external GPU combo before and it's a pretty good deal. Running Windows in a VM is perfect for an e-GPU configuration because Linux does not play not with hotplugged PCI hardware. Having a VM that will only be used when the GPU in connected resolves this issue. You mainly just want to be sure your hardware can do passthrough.
>>534 >gaming on a laptop >gaming in a VM To make things worse, Nvidia has all the best GPUs and those don't work well under linux. >>535 >eGPU A high-latency meme.
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Someone asked me to help build a Raspberry Pi for them. They want it purely for plugging into the tv and playing video games. Apparently the Pi 4 can run Dreamcast and PSP pretty well. Looking it up, it would cost like $150 Canuckbucks to get the 8GB Pi 4 with the fancy fan you need to keep it from exploding, plus the various wires and stuff. And that isn't counting a case or storage. Assuming they'd want storage to hold a lot of disc based games, that would be like another $100CAN. Now I don't actually know shit about computers, and my computer is a toaster since I only use it for shitposting and work emails, but PC Master Race people are always saying you can get beefy gaymen rigs for like $150 these days. I always thought they were clearly bullshitting, but I figured I'd ask before I helped someone spend that much money on a Raspberry Pi. I'm assuming not going for the Pi would allow us to get better performance for the same budget. By "better performance," I just mean "getting more games to be playable." Am I wrong? What kind of budget would need to be spent to get games running well on Dolphin? Don't care about things like upscaling or whatever. Just want them to run and not lag like hell. >tl;dr: Someone asked me to build a Pi 4 for them, but they only want it for games. Can I get equivalent performance for less money (or better performance for equivalent money) if I just build a PC for that price?
>>550 Best place to start is always Logical Increments. https://www.logicalincrements.com/ Their cheapest option is $250, and it will have less RAM and probably less storage. SD cards aren't fast but will beat an SSD. The size is also an issue. Micro ATX is still pretty "big". A Pi will sit in a tiny case. The Pi is cheap because they have negotiated good contracts (primarily with Broadcom) and provide the product nearly at-cost so it can be used in education. PC manufacturers need to make a profit. I think you can build a full gaming PC that will compete with modern consoles for $400, but those type of parts don't scale well towards the budget end because there are fixed costs the Pi Foundation do not have. Should probably just go for the Pi. Be sure to add at least a heatsink and maybe an active fan. There are kits available and it will be worth the price. Or get a case with one. Pi 3 and 4 tend to overheat. The only limit of the Pi, really, is the CPU (especially when it throttle) and the fact that it's ARM, but for emulation these aren't big concerns since it's beefy enough to outright emulate old hardware and you get little benefit for surpassing the minimum.
I thought I would've gotten an ASUS motherboard but ended up getting an AsRock. The store didn't define them, it just said A320 chipset MOBO, should I ask for a refund?
>>554 Why did you buy a motherboard without knowing the brand? If they didn't lie then it's on you to verify. If it's the right chipset then it probably doesn't matter, unless you want slightly less Chinese poz and slightly more irregular USB implementations.
>>554 The store is shady as shit and should probably be shut down, you're an idiot for buying an unlabeled product, you're probably not getting a refund because milking idiots is profitable and also cool thanks to the US normalizing it.
Is the Radeon 5700 XT still a decent buy for rendering in Blender? Are drivers less shitty under GNU/Linux? It seems like all of the non-XT models are completely out of stock.
>>707 >Is the Radeon 5700 XT still a decent buy for rendering in Blender? It's not a top tier card (as the price should have made clear), so don't expect the same performance a 2080ti can put out, but it's still fairly high end so things shouldn't take too long either. That said, the specific answer depends on which rendered and options you're using in Blender: it's very easy to 100% your CPU with a denoise filter on an Eevee render (which normally uses almost exclusively the GPU), for example. >Are drivers less shitty under GNU/Linux? LOL no: as a general rule Linux doesn't have better drivers, there's a few exceptions but not for halfway popular or recent PC hardware.
>>707 State of drivers is pretty fucked for graphics, but if you are just interested in OpenCL then it might be fine, although I think CUDA generally outperforms OpenCL for tasks like this. One thing worth considering is that an RTX 2060 (or Super) also has raytracing. This should lead to a bigger performance boost in rendering versus other tasks. Then again, this isn't my wheelhouse. I don't do renders and I haven't compared performance between AMD and nVidia cards for this purpose. My card does not support raytracing. But that's the route I'd go down.
>>708 >LOL no: as a general rule Linux doesn't have better drivers, there's a few exceptions but not for halfway popular or recent PC hardware. That's blatantly wrong, you retard. Do you even have an AMD card? Have you seen the opinions of people who have one? AMD's OpenGL Linux drivers are way better than their Windows ones, and their hardware is plenty stable, especially Polaris. I've personally got Polaris and Navi, and the latter did get some GPU hangs, but that's because of ACO, which is still not completely fleshed out on that arch. Using LLVM is flawless.
>>720 >loonixtard still trying to shill Your developers care so little about the users that they break wifi drivers on stable kernel releases, not even MacOS reaches those levels of open contempt for its users.
>>720 What OS are you using that you got a Navi card to fucking work? I spent weeks trying to troubleshoot why I couldn't get my 5600XT card recognized by blender, and I hit a dead end at "llvm uses static linking and rocm doesn't like that".
>>730 Not that anon but just for curiosity and future reference what distro did you try that on? For what it's worth I have Vega and also have had 0 issues.
>>740 Gentoo, and my process of troubleshooting this went: >opencl device not shown in blender >must be missing opencl >recompile everything with opencl support >opencl still doesn't work >AMD has a newer implementation of opencl for navi cards called ROCM >build ROCM for system, recompile everything >blender now just crashes when opening it >check numerous things and all leads to same answer >llvm uses static linking, rocm can't work with that, no solutions found and I just couldn't sink any more time into trying to find a fix or workaround
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>>730 >>744 >rocm Navi cards like the 5700XT and the 5600XT still don't support it yet: http://archive.md/gyraz It might be better to Just Wait™ until ROCm officially supports all of the Navi-based GPUs, including Big Navi. If not, get a Vega/Polaris card or NVIDIA if you want proprietary shit like CUDA/Optix, which works better for >>707 since Blender has better performance on even the 2060. Might be better to also wait for Ampere as well since it's coming in a couple of months.
>>750 Well shit, so if the 5600xt doesn't even support rocm yet it should at least support opencl, so I'm still in the dark about why blender wouldn't recognize it with system-wide opencl compiled in.
>>720 >linux has better drivers >AMD like a few others have mentioned, opencl on linux sucks. Currently my only way of using opencl is through the depreciated dev-libs/amdgpu-pro-opencl hack around, which just adds amdgpu-pro drivers ontop of free drivers. It sucks and is often prone to random crashing. Getting anything to render on blender is basically a coin flip.
>>730 >>740 >>764 When I wrote that post, I was thinking mostly about OpenGL and Vulkan drivers not being shit. OpenCL drivers specifically are a mess, yes, but that doesn't mean all of their drivers are shit. Maybe the faggot I replied to shouldn't make such sweeping statements.
>>4 will it be cheaper for me to buy an expensive graphics card ?
>>779 Sure, if you find it used/on sale.
>>352 >>356 Also looking to set up some kind of NAS using free nas and a raid z setup. I'm currently wondering whether I should use regular PC parts and stuff I have and save money, or buy a 19" server. The smaller ones aren't that expensive on their own and offer a shitload of drive bays. The sas hdds themselves are kinda expensive. I wouldn't really care about SAS in terms of speed but I wonder if I wouldn't pay just as much if I cherrypicked SATA drives that don't use SMR.
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Anyone know of any good, high quality, VHS players? I have a lot of recorded tapes at my house, and all that I have left as far as players is an old foot-high CRT and some VHS/DVD combo players that work only half the time. Despite the tech being long forgotten at this point, have there been any good high quality players that released, preferably something with an output better than S-Video?
>>839 This is a question I have asked myself a lot over the years, and I don't have a good answer. In short, you need something produced no later than the mid-90's, after which point manufacturers stopped trying to innovate and started trying to go cheaper. They stopped dumping money into R&D and fancy components. Japan started their economic slump. You'll want something old, bulky, and Japanese. There is no gold standard player that I am aware of, and if it exists then enthusiast forums and collectors have probably made them scarce. Just have to troll eBay for some good finds.
i wanna evga 2070 zooper for on the cheap you know what i mean best advic plZ
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>>968 Save your money and wait for the niggerlicious Ampere GPUs.
>>968 Unless you find someone selling it out of a van, your best bet is to wait for the next release and then pick up a used one. That or try stuffing it down your pants and walking out of a store.
I have got a mid-tower case and 32GB of system memory (two 16GB kits). Should I get the processor first, the motherboard or wait until I have money for both. Keep in mind that my state has 8% sales tax I'm trying to make an editing computer (it's going to serve multiple purposes, I'm trying to build for my toughest workload, which is video editing) and already have a power supply, a whole bunch of mechanical hard-drives (one's in use right now), a DVD drive and a graphics card that I can port over to the new build from my old one.
>>1087 There's never any reason to buy now when you can buy later. New products usually cost the same as what they replace, give or take. The old product usually gets a slight discount and buyfags with too much money will upgrade immediately and ditch the old ones, used, for cheap. Buying now just ensures you'll end up with an old part to match with a new part, and it'll cost just as much. The only exception to this rule would be if you knew there'd be a price spike, but usually these occur because of natural disasters. Flooding, pandemic, etc have all raised prices out of nowhere. You cannot usually predict a price increase. And currently, prices are inflated for this reason. At this point in the cycle I would wait for AMD to release their new chips. Their current B550 chipset motherboards should be forwards-compatible, but if you can't use it now, why spend the money? You can then get their newest Ryzens or expect the current ones to be cheaper. You only end up with more options and more prices. These are probably the best options for an editing rig right now; the threadcount is insane and it'll get work done.
>>1087 I would buy the motherboard and get everything installed and ready, so that when you get the CPU you just have to install that and you're good to go.
I'm looking for suggestions for a good 2.5'' SATA hard drive enclosure for external use.
>>1099 My brother liked my clear plastic Orico enclosure so much he changed the subject when I asked for it back. Personally I mostly use a dock instead, which also happens to be Orico branded. Not sure who the ODM is.
What's a good access point that supports OpenWRT or another FLOSS firmware?
>>1242 While I can't give you a specific recommendation, they maintain a table of supported hardware currently available for sale https://openwrt.org/toh/views/toh_available_16128 I will say, as a rule, to avoid Broadcom chipsets. These are difficult for developers to write drivers for because of poor documentation and I've hit a wall on a number of projects simply because of Broadcom chips. It's the reason Raspberry Pis are not used much for network wizardry even though they'd otherwise be an ideal platform.
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>>417 Update: phone's dead. From that post until about two weeks ago it kept gradually losing even more functionality and working erratically until I started finding it turned off in the morning after it failing to wake me up. Then I realized that if I turned off the wifi, the phone would die, and after that it also started dying if the screen even got turned off, and it'd be very difficult to get it to turn on again. Having already tried to get a new phone back then and failing, mfw. By pure chance I ended up taking a look at the Xiaomi Redmi Note 8, and by some kind of miracle that phone actually has pretty much everything I wanted! >4gb ram >audio jack >sdcard slot >seemingly good camera >notification light >a way to install a pretty stable and clean lineageOs >a way to install microg >cheap as all fuck Overall it's not a 10/10 but man it's pretty close, I'm very happy. The note 8 pro is an ever better bang for your buck but the scene behind it is much weaker due to the amount of bullshit it throws your way if you want to play with custom ROMs, so I didn't end up getting it. Went from Android 5 to Android 10, and a lot of the useful features the retards at Google removed between Kitkat and Lollipop make a comeback. Feels unreal that I managed to get a modern device that runs on open source shit and has even better functionality and features than the last one.
Would a Banana Pi or something similar be suitable for a one-person home server to install Nextcloud on? I need a file synchronization with backup system, which I could also expand to it having NAS functions.
>>1316 Depends on how much storage you need. I know the RPi has some major limitations on expanding storage. Your options are generally limited to buying large SD cards (not always the best read/write but will have space) or connecting an external drive via USB (which can be slow and might consume all the bandwidth of the controller). There is a hack for the RPi that lets you connect PCI cards, and there is PCI storage, so that might also be an option if you need size and speed. But if it's just to host files and backups then I don't see why it wouldn't be suitable. You don't need a lot of power to run something like that if you're the only one using. I would definitely stagger backup times, though. You don't want everything trying to write at once.
I want a cheap e-reader that just reads book. Suggestions?
>>1370 Your phone, the Librera PRO app from f-droid, and a shortcut to libgen. Bonus: android gps lady reads you books as you fall asleep.
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Does anyone have a Surface Book, the kind that has the heavy keyboard/battery thing? If so, is it any good? Taking notes is going to become my thing for a while.
Does anyone have experience with the Pinebook Pro? Do you recommend it? I am planning to install OpenBSD on it.
>>1428 I know someone who does, and they use it pretty much exclusively for note-taking. However, they have said they wouldn't buy one, at least not new. They got it as a gift. When they're at home and have a desk, they use a beefier laptop and a wacom tablet for notes, drawing, etc. So it's fine, but you do have other options. You'll also be stuck on Windows if you want that touch support. I think touchscreen ThinkPads have decent Linux support, though. >>1430 I haven't had one, but I would caution you that it's ARM. Perhaps this is a non-issue with BSD, but I don't know the state of the ecosystem. The specs of the Pine board are very competitive with the Raspberry Pi, especially for the price, and and I would assume it's a functioning laptop. But for $200 new I'd expect build quality closer to a Chromebook than a Mac or a ThinkPad. What is your primary use case? What makes something like the Pinebook preferable to you over a "regular" laptop? Is it just the price and the promise of open source driver support?
What's a good portable HDD to buy, preferably 500GB-1TB and around 5400RPM-7200RPM?
>>1440 Hard to go wrong with any of the WD ones. You can get a 1 TB HDD for $100 or less and it will be pocket-sized.
>>1427 I want an e-ink screen, not a glorified PDF reader.
What's a good domain registrar to buy my domain(s) from?
>>1541 Do you need one with loose terms of service, or do you just want something cheap?
>>1550 Loose terms of service, but not too expensive or scammy
>>1553 here At this point, I found out about https://njal.la/ for domains. Seems pretty good despite the minimum 15 euro price.
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Anyone have experience with or own one of these compact thinkpad boards (0B47190 KU-1255)? Considering getting one but I'm a bit concerned over the key roll over. Some reviews say it has 6KRO and others say its KRO depends on which keys you're using but "gamer" keys like WASD work fine. I've been hunting for a reasonably priced rubber dome TKL low profile keyboard with 5+KRO for years and am thinking on settling on this one.
Should I get a VPS that doesn't have a IPv4 address in the plan and only has a IPv6 address?
>>1586 Doubt anyone would benefit from the information but I went ahead and bought it based on reviews saying it had roughly 6 key roll over. It's actually 4 key roll over for the standard QWERTY rows, then 5 key roll over including modifiers. 2 key roll over for the rest of the board that isn't surrounding WASD. I've yet to test it with a USB to PS2 adapter but I suspect that won't change much as it hasn't in the past with other boards. Acceptable key roll over that likely won't ever cause an issue in any game, but would have been nice if it was true 6 key roll over for the price.
>>1601 You run the risk that those without an IPv6 address cannot access your site. But if you have one and just need to be able to access it yourself then there's probably no harm and it should be cheaper. >>1602 Thanks for the update. Sorry to hear it's not full 6 key, but it sounds like they cheaped-out where it probably won't be noticed by most.
>>1603 Yeah I kind of got fucked by retarded reviews not understanding key roll over. It's basically just standard 2 key roll over like any other keyboard. Most basic key combinations can go up to 5 key roll over but small unlikely clusters like A,W,Q or A,S,Z are 2 key roll over. Kind of a shame considering how much I spent on it but since it's otherwise a quality keyboard I'll probably just tough it out since the likelihood of those combinations are incredibly low anyways. Tested it with a PS/2 adapter and it just doesn't register at all so that idea was a bust. The state of rubber dome keyboards is abysmal. It's a shame retards created this marketing craze around loud as fuck mechanical keyboards. This was the only rubber dome low profile compact board I could find with any claims of 6KRO that didn't have ridiculous pricing and even those claims were bogus.
>>1605 I agree the hatred of membranes and praise for mechanical is a meme. I bought into it and while I have eventually adapted I don't feel nearly as comfortable with my current keyboard and I did with my old Logitech membrane one. What I hate in particular is how much wiggle various keys have. I've never had a membrane keyboard that I can flap back and forth like a tree in a hurricane, but it seems standard for mechanical boards. Model Ms and similar didn't have these issues, because they're a different design. Cherry switches and similar are just flimsy beanpoles with caps on top. Unfortunately, if you want any customization options. mechanical + Cherry is the only real way to go. But you need to go for ultra-stiff switches and add extra stabilizers to get anything approaching a Model M or similar. Not to mention the absolute joke that is common kits and boards aimed at the mechanical crowd. No numpad, sometimes not even Function and Number keys? Aligned in a grid? Ultra-tiny? Surely the minimalist aesthetic isn't worth making the keyboard unusable. Removing markings and going with a Das Keyboard is one thing, but some of these keyboards look like torture devices meant to induce carpal tunnel. Personally I cannot stand the new ThinkPad keyboard style, simply because of chiclet keys. They're less bad than other laptops, but that doesn't make them good to use. Old ThinkPad keyboards weren't amazing but they are far better than anything since. I am used to battleship keyboards, and I want to smash keys without breaking my fingers. Maybe the fads will die, laptops will go back to having full-sized keyboards, and someone will eventually realize mechanical is great in theory, but their implementation can be improved by breaking from tradition. For what it's worth, if rollover is important to you or you want a proper keyboard, you should probably just buy used. The cleaning stage is a pain but they (mostly) don't make them like they used to.
>>1606 Mechanical keyboards are really only customizable in theory. In practice building one from scratch costs you 5 times the amount. Keycaps are ridiculously expensive, anything that isn't a 60% PCB will immediately increase the cost at least 3 times. And as you said the 60% keyboard standard is fucking shit. It's a retarded consumerist hobby to make anything even slightly customized, and all the mass produced boards use the 3 shittiest fucking switches known to man. If you want to get anything or build anything with an actually good switch you get to spend anywhere between $200 and $400. I don't think key roll over will actually end up causing me any problems. It's just an autistic thing that bothers me in the back of my mind knowing I may end up pressing some combination of keys that might not register, which gives my retarded brain mild anxiety. I'm stuck with it now and the typing experience and space on my desk is more convenient than the peace of mind of 6KRO that my full size keyboard has. Plus despite the chiclet keys being inferior to the previous lineup it's still a rather satisfying and quiet typing experience. I fucking hate the keyboard market.
Should I bother with installing Urbit, or is it shit?
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what's the best laptop for around 1k?
>>1609 Urbit's only purpose is to pander to a specific flavour of lolbertarians, it has zero practical use.
What's a good flip-phone that will work on Verizon? Preferably one that I can use as a hotspot, and FLOSS friendly if even possible
>>1640 Your best bet is probably going to be finding a "flip phone" that's running Android and then rooting it. No idea if any of them support hotspot. But you're certainly not going to buy an off-the-shelf FLOSS phone that has all of these things. >>1611 Find a ThinkPad in your budget on eBay. Although anything around $300 is probably good enough.
Anything on >>1370 >>1523
Any advice on a basic headphone cable? When I try to research for a simple durable one I get autistic audiophile bullshit that costs an arm and a leg. I just need a simple headphone cable from a reputable brand.
>>1698 V-Moda sells some "rugged" ones, although they can be broken if you're rough enough. But they hold up a little better. But all audio cables eventually fail, and you should probably just go with Monoprice or Amazon Basics. I'd lean towards Monoprice. If you buy in bulk, you can save (the biggest cost is shipping) and they generally avoid manufacturing in China. Keep a dozen replacements on hand and stop worrying about if one breaks.
>>1698 Imagine not making your own cable. $10 box of 3.5mm tips, dirt cheap harbor freight soldering iron, some solder and you are set for life. Most "cable" dying are actually just the connector. You may not even have to solder a new connector, if that's only bad connector. Cable broke in the middle and don't care about audio quality? Solder them back or snap two cables from trash and solder. Holy fucking shit, you retarded zoomers.
>>1708 *only a bad contact.
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What for? Miners will take them all again.
>>1716 Have you been in a coma for three years or something, faggot? The Ethereum craze is long gone. All cryptos eventually become too hard to mine by GPUs and ASICs are needed to keep mining profitably. It happened to Bitcoin all the way back to 2014/2015, and it happened to Ethereum in early 2019, I think. Or 2018. So, no miners will pick those up. Just scalpers.
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>>1731 If you don't know a shit, just don't post anything. Alright, kiddo?
>>1741 Ok mister smart ass, who the fuck is mining nowadays? I've seen the news about AMD making a "blockchain" card, but honestly I have no clue who could that be for. Maybe it's just a compute card or whatever. AMD is looking to get into compute quite hard, well they've always been doing it, it's just that their software is garbage in more ways than one comparing it to CUDA.
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>>1751 >who the fuck is mining nowadays? Obviously anyone with cheap or even free electricity. Cheap — picture related including CIS. Free — enterprises with privileges and government benefits.
What's a good 5G USB wifi adapter to buy that has OOTB Linux drivers?
Are Kobo e-readers any good? I want something relatively cheap and small to read public domain and stolen e-books with on an e-ink screen.
>>1798 They're not bad. Better than anything Amazon offers. If you want a FOSS reader then they aren't it. Japs don't go in for that. If you just want something to load with tons of pirated e-books then it's perfect. I think they operate a store but don't try to upsell you the way Amazon does. Lots of options for screen size and most of them are waterproof. >>1790 Knew someone with a TP-Link nub once and it worked out of the box apparently. Heard it has issues on newer kernels and might need drivers now? Maybe they have newer models that don't suffer from the same problem.
>>1799 >If you want a FOSS reader then they aren't it. Are there FOSS readers with e-ink screens?
>>1803 There's a dedicated thread >>608 with some discussion of that, and I maybe some requests for the same earlier in this thread.


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